Guidelines for reference (APA)
Guidelines for references (from the APA Manual)
Sources cited or referred to in the text should indicate the author's last name, publication date, and page number(s) when applicable: (Gatbonton, 1994; Collins & White, 2005, p. 563); if more than one citation appears in parenthetical material, they should appear in alphabetical order. When the author's name is part of the text, follow this form: Trofimovich (2007) argued that...
All in-text citations must be listed in full in the reference list at the end of the article. Begin the reference list on a separate page entitled “References” and double-space it throughout. Each entry must include the author’s name, co-authors (if applicable), publication date, and title of the work. For a journal article, also provide the name of the journal, volume number, and page numbers for the article. For an article in an edited volume, include the editor’s name, title of the volume, and page numbers of the article. For a book or monograph, include the edition, place of publication, and name of publisher. Punctuate and capitalize as in the following examples:
Auger, J. (2001, March). Entre syntaxe et morphologie: Les clitiques pronominaux et l’épenthèse en Picard. Paper presented at Le Groupe Langues & Grammaire et l’UMR 7023, Indiana University, IN.
Cardoso, W. (2007). The variable development of English word-final stops by Brazilian Portuguese speakers: A stochastic optimality theoretic account. Language Variation and Change, 19, 1-30.
Ellis, R. (1994). The study of second language acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
PhD dissertations, theses, unpublished manuscripts:
Horst, M. (2000). Text Encounters of the Frequent Kind: Learning L2 Vocabulary through Reading. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, CALS Swansea, UK.
Meisel, J. (Ed.). (1994). Bilingual first language acquisition: French and German grammatical development. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
Journal article with more than one author:
Trahey, M., & White, L. (1993). Positive evidence and preemption in the second language classroom. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 15, 181-204.
Article in an edited book:
Zuengler, J. (1993). Explaining NNS interactional behavior: The effect of conversational topic.
In G. Kasper & S. Blum-Kulka (Eds.), Interlanguage pragmatics (pp. 184-195). Oxford: Oxford University Press.